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Matimu, Tinxaka ta Vutsonga

Why does Munghana Lonene FM insist on labeling us as “Vatsonga-Machangani”?

As speakers of Xitsonga, we can all agree ku we are currently experiencing an identity crisis. We don’t agree on our collective name, but we acknowledge that we are one and speak one language.

Kambe, xana hi Vatsonga kumbe Machangani or both?

Each year, Munghana Lonene FM attempts to answer this burning question with the help of Tsonga Historians and Royals, but we never come to a conclusion on who are we; which is weird, hi rixaka ra njhani ro ka ri nga titivi?

Now, why does Munghana Lonene FM insist on labeling us as “Vatsonga-Machangani” on a regular basis? Is it ignorance, arrogance, propaganda, playing it safe or a collective?

In order to answer this, you have to understand the following;

  1. Referring to all Xitsonga speakers as Vatsonga is politically and historically correct.
  2. Xitsonga is a language group of over 10 major dialects.
  3. Vatsonga are an ethnic group linked by a common language and culture, thus the saying, Mutsonga a hi wa rimhondzo (Tsonga is not a lineage).

  1. Machangani are a Xitsonga speaking group of Ndwandwe origin.
  2. Xichangani is not a language according to linguistics and Hosi Eric Nxumalo, leader of the Amashangaan Royal Authority.
  3. Machangani in the Tsonga ethnic group are an independent group, and Machangani in the Swazi Kingdom are subjects of the Kingdom.

  1. Vatsonga is inclusive of Machangani and 13 other major groupings.
  2. Vatsonga-Machangani is a double barrel tag created and popularized during the era of Gazankulu Homeland.
  3. Machangani once requested a homeland separate from Vatsonga.
  4. Vatsonga-Machangani double barrel is a consolidation of two groups that share a colonial history and speak one language.

Munghana Lonene’s station license from ICASA clearly stipulates that the principal language of MLFM is XITSONGA. Munghana Lonene FM exists to cater for Xitsonga speaking people, which are;

  • Machangani
  • Vabila
  • Vahlanganu
  • Vahlave
  • Vahlengwe
  • Vakhosa
  • Valambya
  • Valenge
  • Valoyi (Varozwi)
  • Vandzawu
  • Vankomati
  • Vatembe (Varhonga)
  • Vaxika
  • Vaxingwidzi

The correct name of our language according to the constitution of the Republic South Africa is XITSONGA. On Air and online, Munghana Lonene FM and some of its employees refer to us as HALF-ETHNIC-GROUP-HALF-TRIBE, and at times refer to Xitsonga as Xichangani.  

If we are said to be one nation, why are Machangani getting a special mention on our collective name? Did the government get the name of our language group wrong? Why emphasize on one group when they are already part of the collective? Would we be comfortable as a collective if tomorrow we were referred to as Vatsonga-Van’wanati? Would Machangani agree to being labeled as Valoyi (Varozwi)? If the other Tsonga groups are expected to celebrate, embrace and protect “Vuchangani”, clearly the same rules should apply, right?

The word Tsonga is inclusive of everyone, hambi u pfa eVumbai, eVukaranga, kumbe KwaNongoma, u nga va Mutsonga, hikuva Mutsonga a hi wa rimhondzo. MLFM is playing a dangerous game by “unconsciously” fueling our identity crisis and marrying an inclusive collective to one group. There is no crime or discrimination in using Tsonga without special mention of Shangaan. However, it is very disrespectful that several times over the years Machangani have publicly refused to be categorized as Vatsonga without a shame or any backlash.

N’we Vatsonga, there will be no nation building until we are clear on who we are…

  • Mhe ndzi Cheleni, nyimba ya Hosi Zarhi, ndzi Muhlengwe.
 
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6 Comments

  1. NKALAVUTIVI I KHOMBO.
    Loko u nga titivi u ta pfumelela ku vuriwa xin’wana na xin’wana. Mina ndzi Muhlengwe, a ndzi muchangana. Rixaka ra ka hina ri davuka eHlengweni, en’walungu wa South Eastern Africa (N’walungu wa laha namutlha hi nge hi le Mozambiki). Vahlengwe a va vangi na khombo ra ku hluriwa ivi va hundzuriwa mahlonga hi mavuthu ya Soshangana. Hileswaku a va khotsiwanga hi Mazulu. Hi yo mhaka ndzi nge DNA ya muhlengwe a yi pfindlusiwangi hi ngati ya Muzulu. Ndzi tweni kahle, a ndzi vuli leswaku ku va hlonga ra Soshangana i nandzu. A va nga lo swi lava ku va eka xiyimo lexi.

    Ku vula leswaku hi Matsonga-machangana i nhlamba yo pfala na tindleve. Xichangana i ririn’wana leri tumbuluxiweke hi ku hlangana na Xizulu na marin’wana lawa a ya vulavuriwa hi tinyimba leti hluriweke hi Soshangana.

    Machangana hi mativisa ku yini? Machangana ya tihlawulekisa hi swivongo swa wona, xik. Nxumalo, Mabuza, Hlantshwayo, Khuzwayo, sweswo-sweswo.
    Vatsonga i va mani? Vatsonga i vo Cawuke, Hlungwani, Khosa, Maluleke, Valoyi, Vaxingwidzi, sweswo-sweswo.

    Imani a nga onha? Ku tumbuluka ka Gazankulu swi onhile hi tlhelo ra vutitivi bya vanhu, ngopfungopfu Vatsonga laha Afurika-Dzonga. Huvo yaMfumo wa Gazankulu yi lavile ku hlanganisa tinyimba leti a ti vulavula ririmi ro yelana ku va xilo xin’we. Machangana, ku nga vatukulu va Muzila na Mawewe (Nxumalo clan and others) va arile ku vuriwa Vatsonga. Ina, hakunene a hi Vatsonga – i mpfangano wa tinkuzi ta Mazulu na vavasati va tinyimba leti hluriweke hi Soshangana lembe rero (Mhaka yo vava… i ku vavasati lava va tekiweke hi tikunzi leti va dlaweriwe vavanuna va vona hi tona tikunzi leti). Hi ku lava ku va amukela, Holobyenkulu wa Gazankulu u te “Gazankulu i ya Matsonga-Machangana”, leswi swi nga bihangiki hikuva hakunene ‘va-Nxumalo’ i Machangana. Loyi a nga hoxa hi loyi a nga hlawula nyimba ya xichangana ku va yi ringanisiwa ni ririmi ra Xitsonga, yi hundza .
    Makwerhu loyi a nga ta na hungu leri laha ehenhla u tiyisile loko a ku “Xitsonga i RIRIMI xa XIFUMO ra laha Afurika-Dzonga, xichangana a hi ririmi. Hambi kwale ri davukaka kona a ri vuriwi ririmi kambe ri vuriwa ririn’wana.

    TIVANI LESWI: Ku ka u nga tivi swi fana na ku va bofu!

     
  2. The message is clear. Society must stop mixing historical power struggles with the origins of the xitsonga speaking people. Our spoken language (xitsonga) unifies us as a people. All this xitsonga-shangaan debate has no place in the present. We do acknowledge our history but we stay true to who we are!

     
  3. Vamakwerhu! I ro sungula-sungula lu va ndzi humesa mavonele ya mina eka timhaka leti ta ku khumba Vatsonga na Machangani. Kahle-kahle swi le rivaleni leswaku lava va susumetaka minjekanjekisano leyi hi lava va kongomiseke swinene eka ku ti hlayela kule ni machangana (hi ku va va ku vona i Vatsonga, period). Ti nyikeni nkarhi mi yingisela swinene minjekanjekisano leyi humaka eka vatsari na swivulavuri swo hambana-hambana eka timhaka leti; mi ta hlamala ku andza ka kona hi tlhelo ra ku hambana ka mavonene (contradictions). Kun’wana munhu u ti-‘contradicta’ hi yexe. Honestly, ndza tsandzeka ku twisiseka leswaku mbuyelo wa ku xopa-xopa loku ku ta va yini?

    I mpela hi ta pfumelelana leswaku ku pfumala vutivi swi na nghozi. Kambe leswi swi tlulaka sweswo i ku va u ti kuma u qumbile hi mahungu/mavonele yo ka ya nga vupfangi. Vanhu a va hi hloniphinyana (at least) va hi tshwetela leswaku vuxoko bya vona va byi kuma kwihi. Swo tala leswi nga tsariwa laha henhla swi voyamele etlhelo rin’we, kambe swi hlamarisi hi ku ‘agenda’ ya kona a yi ri erivaleni kusukela ekusunguleni. Ku huva xikongomelo xa ku lava ku kondletela ku hanyisana hi ndlela yo ringana (co-existence) eka matsalele ya lavo tala, ku katsa ya lawa ndzi a ngulaka eka wona. Leswi swi nga lo tlangandla! erivaleni sweswi, kumbe xikongomelo-nkulu – i tiyisisa leswaku Vatsonga va le henhla.

    Xavumbirhi, ku nga va ku ri ku kandziyela leswaku swindzin’wana leswi hi nga longoloxeriwa swona swa losa eka (kumbe hi ta ku) ririmi-nkulu, ku nga Xitsonga? A hi tivi. Kambe loko swi nga ri tano, hikwalaho ka yini ku huma swikombiso swa leswaku Xichangani a hi ririmi na kwalomuya Machangani va davukaka kona? Loko a hi ri hubyeni ya nawu – leswi a ndzi ta swi hlamusela tani hi ‘character assassination’. Ndzi vutisa mutsari ku: xana a swi boha ku endla tano na? Manghezi va ” for every action there’s a reaction”. Se manje loko hi ho sungula ku xopa-xopa ti-‘short-comings’ ta ririmi ra Xitsonga (nkanteko i ku vo taka va ri tivanyana) swi nga hi fikisa ekule. Na vulala byi nga tumbuluka loko ku nga ri ku nyanya. Nje mi ke mi nga swi lemuka leswaku i marito ma ngani ya ririmi ra xiVenda lawa ya eka Xitsonga? Well, kumbexana se i nkarhi wo dyondzanyana tin’wana tindzimi (ku tsaka xiVenda) hi ta twisisa xikombiso lexi. Ntiyiso i ku ya kona matsalwa lawa ya nga tsariwa hi Xichangana, muchaviseki Prof Ntsanwisi va nga si rhangela mfumo wa khale ka tiko-xikaya ra Gazankulu. Naswona a va khomisane kahle na tihosi hi nkarhi wa kona ku kondletela vun’we.

    Xiyimo lexi i ximhakani xi tsongo… Ehansi ka mfumo wa khale ka Lebowa, ku na Swisuthu (Dialects) swo tala swinene. Vun’we bya vona byi ve ehansi ka ririmi rin’we ra Northern Sotho (Sesotho sa Lebowa), leri hinkwavo va dyondza ka rona. Ku nga va Vapedi, Vabirwa, Vatlokwa, (va kote no phanga Valovedu lava nga vantumbuluko nyimba ya Vavhenda), mi nge va hambanyisi ku fikela namuntlha sweswi.

    Hi ku komisa… Vamakwerhu, a hi tshikeni ku lwa nyimpi ya khale ka khaleni hi 2018. “Unless” hi ri na xikongomelo xo to rihiseta eka swihluke swa Soshangani na Nghunghunyani hi mhaka ya ku va va hi khondzisile malembe ndzhaku.

    Masiku lawa loko mina na n’wina hi hlangana na ‘xenophobia’ hi khumbeka hi ndlela leyi fanaka. Leswi swi endla leswaku hi chava na ku ti-‘associata’ na tiko ra Mozambique lomu hi humaka kona. Laha tikweni ku ta Vasuthu va nga chaviki ku vula lomu va humaka kona (Lesotho), swa fana na Vatswana, hambi ku ri Maswazi swi tano.

    Va ka hina a hi hlayeni swinene matimu (kumbe ‘influence’ eka Vutsonga bya namuntlha) ya Mzila (Tata wa Nghunghunyana) – loyi a balekele ha le Afrika Dzonga hi ku chava vukarhi bya makwavo Mawewe) na vuxaka bya yena na Albasini (N’wamaindzu wa Muputukezi) hi ta pfuleka mahlo. Hi vula eka vukosi byo tani hi bya ka Njhakanjaka, na tinyimpi leti tinhenha leti ta (ndzavula handle ko ti pfinyinga) Vatsonga/Machangana va ti lweke na Tshilwavusiku (Hosi ya Vavhenda) na tin’wana tihosi ta vasuthu.

    Hi ta tlhela hi twisisa leswaku ndhawu ya ka Mawewe (le Swazini) yi tumbulukise ku yini, hikuva mutsari wa hina u hetelele hi ku hlamusela hi ku losa ka Machangani ehansi ka vukosi bya Maswazi. Leswi Mzila na Mawewe va nga ngati yin’we, se swilo swi ye swi ya onhaka kwihi?

    Matsalwa lawa ya kona hi nga kombisana. Vatsari vo tani Nkul Freddy Rikhotso (lava nga ya kunene eMozambique ku ya hlengeleta vuxokoxoko), na van’wana va kumeka. Kasi va ha ri kona van’wana varhangeri van’wana lava va ha hanyaka kona ke Gaza Province, tani hi khale ka Gavenara, Euginio Nxumalo.

    Va ka hina: Vun’we lebyi byi le ngatini ya hina… ku nga va hikwalaho ka tinyimpi, ku khondzisiwa, xinakulobye (coalitions) xa ku lava ku hlula valala va hina, na swin’wana. Se, mi ta za mi hi halata ngati leyi ku byi herisa xana?

    A hi ti voneleni!

     

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